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ALL About GST registration eligibility Criteria: GST Registration

Section 22. Persons liable for registration. –

(1) Every supplier shall be liable to be registered under this Act in the State or Union territory, other than special category States, from where he makes a taxable supply of goods or services or both, if his aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds twenty lakh rupees:

Provided that where such person makes taxable supplies of goods or services or both from any of the special category States, he shall be liable to be registered if his aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds ten lakh rupees:

1[Provided further that the Government may, at the request of a special category State and on the recommendations of the Council, enhance the aggregate turnover referred to in the first proviso from ten lakh rupees to such amount, not exceeding twenty lakh rupees and subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be so notified:]

2[Provided also that the Government may, at the request of a State and on the recommendations of the Council, enhance the aggregate turnover from twenty lakh rupees to such amount not exceeding forty lakh rupees in case of supplier who is engaged exclusively in the supply of goods, subject to such conditions and limitations, as may be notified:

Explanation. -For the purposes of this sub-section, a person shall be considered to be engaged exclusively in the supply of goods even if he is engaged in exempt supply of services provided by way of extending deposits, loans or advances in so far as the consideration is represented by way of interest or discount.]

(2) Every person who, on the day immediately preceding the appointed day, is registered or holds a licence under an existing law, shall be liable to be registered under this Act with effect from the appointed day.

(3) Where a business carried on by a taxable person registered under this Act is transferred, whether on account of succession or otherwise, to another person as a going concern, the transferee or the successor, as the case may be, shall be liable to be registered with effect from the date of such transfer or succession.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1) and (3), in a case of transfer pursuant to sanction of a scheme or an arrangement for amalgamation or, as the case may be, demerger of two or more companies pursuant to an order of a High Court, Tribunal or otherwise, the transferee shall be liable to be registered, with effect from the date on which the Registrar of Companies issues a certificate of incorporation giving effect to such order of the High Court or Tribunal.

Explanation. -For the purposes of this section, –

(i) the expression “aggregate turnover” shall include all supplies made by the taxable person, whether on his own account or made on behalf of all his principals;

(ii) the supply of goods, after completion of job work, by a registered job worker shall be treated as the supply of goods by the principal referred to in section 143, and the value of such goods shall not be included in the aggregate turnover of the registered job worker;

(iii) the expression “special category States” shall mean the States as specified in sub-clause (g) of clause (4) of article 279A of the Constitution 3[except the State of Jammu and Kashmir] 4[and States of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim and Uttarakhand.]

* Enforced w.e.f. 22nd June, 2017.

  1. Inserted by s.11 of The Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Act, 2018 (No. 31 of 2018) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st February, 2019.
  2. Inserted by s. 94 of The Finance (No. 2) Act, 2019 (No. 23 of 2019) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st January, 2020 vide Notification No. 1/2020- C.T. dated 1st January, 2020.
  3. Inserted by s. 2 of The Central Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu And Kashmir) Act, 2017 (No. 26 of 2017) (Corrigendum for this provision issued vide Indian Institutes of Management Act, 2017 dated 31st December, 2017 (No. 33 of 2017)) – Brought into force w.e.f. 8th July, 2017
  4. Inserted by s. 11 of The Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Act, 2018 (No. 31 of 2018) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st February, 2019.

 

Section 23. Persons not liable for registration. –

(1) The following persons shall not be liable to registration, namely: –

(a) any person engaged exclusively in the business of supplying goods or services or both that are not liable to tax or wholly exempt from tax under this Act or under the Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act;

(b) an agriculturist, to the extent of supply of produce out of cultivation of land.

1[(2) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in sub-section (1) of section 22 or section 24, the Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be specified therein, specify the category of persons who may be exempted from obtaining registration under this Act.]

* Enforced w.e.f. 22nd June, 2017.

  1. Substituted (w.e.f. 1st July, 2017) by s. 140 of The Finance Act 2023 (No. 8 of 2023) for “The Government may, on the recommendations of the Council, by notification, specify the category of persons who may be exempted from obtaining registration under this Act.”.

 

Section 24. Compulsory registration in certain cases. –

Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 22, the following categories of persons shall be required to be registered under this Act, –

(i) persons making any inter-State taxable supply;

(ii) casual taxable persons making taxable supply;

(iii) persons who are required to pay tax under reverse charge;

(iv) person who are required to pay tax under sub-section (5) of section 9;

(v) non-resident taxable persons making taxable supply;

(vi) persons who are required to deduct tax under section 51, whether or not separately registered under this Act;

(vii) persons who make taxable supply of goods or services or both on behalf of other taxable persons whether as an agent or otherwise;

(viii) Input Service Distributor, whether or not separately registered under this Act;

(ix) persons who supply goods or services or both, other than supplies specified under sub-section (5) of section 9, through such electronic commerce operator who is required to collect tax at source under section 52;

(x) every electronic commerce operator 1[who is required to collect tax at source under section 52;]

(xi) every person supplying online information and database access or retrieval services from a place outside India to a person in India, other than a registered person; 2[* * * *]

3[(xia) every person supplying online money gaming from a place outside India to a person in India; and]

(xii) such other person or class of persons as may be notified by the Government on the recommendations of the Council.

* Enforced w.e.f. 22nd June, 2017.

  1. Inserted by s. 12 of The Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Act, 2018 (No. 31 of 2018) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st February, 2019.
  2. Omitted by s. 3 of Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Act, 2023 (No. 30 of 2023) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st October, 2023 vide Notification No. 48/2023-C.T., dated 29nd Sep, 2023.
  3. Inserted by s. 3 of Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Act, 2023 (No. 30 of 2023) – Brought into force w.e.f. 01st October, 2023 vide Notification No. 48/2023-C.T., dated 29nd Sep, 2023.

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